Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Solid Brass Victorian Porch Ceiling Chandelier Light Fixtures

A customer brought in this pair of old porch ceiling fixtures and wanted them repaired and rewired. These are the early electric stamped brass fixtures with porcelain sockets. The lamp parts needed to repair this type of fixture include: 2 piece medium base ring type sockets, crossbar, and brass reducer.

The first fixture has a single socket. This type of socket has a screw collar, base and insulating ring.

The old socket comes out by unscrewing the ring from the socket base and the new socket goes back in the same way. These sockets have a notch in the bottom that line up with a small bump in the fixture. This way you can tighten the socket to the lamp.

Next we add a cross bar.

Now we add a bulb and test the fixture.

Nice. On to fixture #2.

This fixture is just like the first one. We will use two of the 2 piece porcelain sockets.

The old sockets appear OK from the bulb side, but the wiring is the safety problem. These wires are definitely past their life span.

Just as the old sockets came out, the new sockets go in. The notch on the fixture line up with the notch on the socket base and the insulator goes on the side with the ring.

Now we will add the crossbar. Using a reducer, the finial connects to the middle of the cross bar.

Next we add bulbs and test the fixture.

Another easy fix. Total time < 30 minutes, Total Cost < $20.00

Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Rewiring Five Light Markel Hanging Art Deco Slip Shade Chandelier

A customer brought in a really nice slip shade fixture the other day and it needed to be rewired. It is a Markel Electric Products style lamp with 5 sockets. According to "Lighting Fixtures of the Depression Era, Book II" by Jo Ann Thomas:

"The 2900 Line: Emphasizing the modern beauty of shaded light. These fixtures are cast in metal and finished in Old Gold with Tan Iridescent Shades." Page 171.

Most of these fixtures are missing shades so they are being discarded and not repaired. Inspecting this lamp we notice the wiring looks original and is really stiff. The sockets appear to be in good shape. Since they have the screw terminals we will reuse the sockets. The only lamp parts we need for this repair are lamp cord.

We start by removing the cover from the main lamp body to gain access to the wiring.

These great old lamps were assembled by hand so all the components are connected with screws and nuts. This makes repair much easier than soldered and stamped parts. Each socket on this lamp is removed and rewired with 9 inch lead wires.

For polarity we always say "smooth (black) wire to brass screw and ribbed (white) wire to nickel screw." These older sockets do not have brass or nickel plated screws so you will need to identify the screw related to the center post on the socket. The smooth or black wire connects to the center post screw terminal in the socket for polarity. Since these sockets do not have a cover on the back we use tape. The tape helps keep the socket clean and safe from dusters or some thing else accidentally shorting out the fixture. It is very cost effective too.

Each rewired socket is attached back to the lamp cluster plate.

The wire from the fixture canopy to the cluster is also being replaced. We are using a twisted cotton covered brown lamp wire to keep a period look.

The socket wires and the fixture wire are connected in the cluster area. The black wires connect to the plain brown wire and the white wires connect to the stripped brown wire.

The plate is mounted back to the lamp body. Bulbs are added to the lamp and tested.

Back to great. Total Cost < $10.00 Total time < 1 hour

Note: The customer did not have shades for this lamp but was able to buy some from Antique Lamp Supply. The Markel ship shades offered are a nice reproduction from the original shades.